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Image by Drew Beamer

The Extra-Legal

Governance Institute

At the Extra-Legal Governance Institute (ExLegi), University of Oxford, we produce first-class research on organised crime, cyber-crime, paramilitary, insurgents, and traffickers. We focus our attention on how these actors seek to govern markets and territories. We also offer teaching and supervision in these topics at the University of Oxford. 


Our mission is to advance scholarly understanding, create and lead a sustained dialogue with practitioners, and engage with policy makers, stakeholders, and the public to support evidence-based solutions in dealing with these issues.

Image by Drew Beamer







17 May 2023


Zora Hauser: "One single investigation cannot damage the 'Ndrangheta in the long term"

In the early hours of 3 May 2023, 10 countries took action against the Calabrian mafia, the ‘Ndrangheta. More than 130 people were arrested, 30 of them in Germany. Prosecutors spoke of the biggest international strike so far, against one of the most notorious mafia organisations worldwide.

Following the arrests - the result of a three-year investigation - Dr Zora Hauser spoke to numerous news outlets about whether this operation will have any real impact on the ‘Ndrangheta.

15 March 2023


"A discreet infiltration, a lingering presence" - Zora Hauser discusses the mafia in Germany

Dr Zora Hauser was interviewed by Fluter, Germany's Federal Agency for Civic Education magazine, about her work investigating the presence of the 'Ndrangheta mafia in Germany.

16 February 2023


Martina Baradel discusses the unique world of the yakuza

Dr Martina Baradel appeared on the popular Japanese TV show, 'What are you doing in Japan?', discussing her research into the Japanese crime organisation, the yakuza. The appearance prompted writer Tomohiko Suzuki, an expert on the yakuza, to interview Martina about her perspective as a researcher and outsider.

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