This research area focuses on the organisation of cybercrime, with a particular concentration on financially motivated forms of this global phenomenon. This covers a broad range of activity, from hacking to fraud, and malware to “cashing out”. Topics include, but are not limited to: the nature of offenders; the structure, business models and governance of illicit groups; the offline and local nature of cybercrime, as well as its geography; tactics for disrupting cybercriminal marketplaces; strategies for diverting individuals away from getting involved in cybercrime in the first place, and for preventing re-offending.